Using WITHIN-n to do a proximity search

A proximity search searches for words that occur within n words of each other and in the order shown.

A proximity search is written as:

wordone WITHIN-n wordtwo


n specifies up-to-how-many-words-apart the words can be

WITHIN must be in ALL CAPS

wordone and wordtwo need to be single words – they cannot be multiple words in quotes, nor can they be another search

Examples, searching the “Title” field for:

new WITHIN-4 invention

All titles in which ‘new’ occurs up to 4 words before ‘invention’

business WITHIN-0 strategies

All titles in which ‘business’ comes right before ‘strategies’ (they might be separated by punctuation)

business WITHIN-1 strategies

All titles in which ‘business’ and ‘strategies’ are either next to each other or are separated by at most one word, and appear in that order

Only single words can be used with the proximity operator; the fields cannot be in quotes or parentheses!  Examples:

DOESN’T work:  employment WITHIN-5 (south AND africa)

DOESN’T work:  employment WITHIN-5 “south africa”

However, you can put the whole proximity operation in parentheses and use it as a field with a boolean operator.  Example:

WORKS:  employment AND (south WITHIN-2 africa)


QuickView: To export or copy a citation

ebrary includes a full citation with every copy, print, or download.

You can access an electronic version of the citation in the following ways.

I. Export the citation for an individual book,

II. Copy the citation for an individual book,

III. Export the citations for a set of books.


I. Export the citation for an individual book:

  • From a search-results list:
    • Click “EndNote & Citavi” or “RefWorks” button below metadata

II. Copy the citation for an individual book:

  • From within QuickView:
    • Under InfoTools, select Copy
    • This will generate a citation as part of the copied text
    • Select just the citation, use command-c to copy it
    • Paste the citation in Word or other text program

III. Export the citations for a set of books:

  • Put the books into a folder on your bookshelf
    • Note: a book can reside in multiple folders on your bookshelf, so putting a book in a folder called “For Endnote”, for example, does not remove it from the other folder(s) you might have that book in.
  • Open the folder in your bookshelf
  • Click on the “EndNote & Citavi” or “RefWorks” button above the list of titles


Note, an EndNote export can be uploaded directly into EasyBibNoodleBib, or Zotero:

  • Export citation(s) to EndNote
  • Open the exported EndNote text file from within the desired destination citation software
  • For more detail, see:


Note, ebrary citations do not include a URL to the book on your particular ebrary site because people referring to your citation might not have access to your ebrary site.  Instead, it is either, which is a URL to ebrary’s public “about ebrary” site, or it is simply “ProQuest ebrary”, depending on the citation style you’ve selected.  Anyone checking the citation can then go to ebrary’s public “about ebrary” site and enter the book’s title in the search field.  If that book is still available through ebrary when the citation is checked, the system will try to take them to a copy of the book.  If that person’s computer has a cookie for an ebrary site, and the book is available on that site, they will be taken to the book on that site.  If not, they will be taken to a copy of the book on ebrary’s public preview site.

ebrary VPAT regarding accessibility

ebrary’s Voluntary Product Accessibility Template (VPAT) was updated in April 2015.  The VPAT is a self-reported evaluation of accessibility against Section 508 criteria (which is U.S. based).  These are different from a third-party accessibility audit against Level AA of WCAG 2.0 (which is used internationally).

ebrary has two VPATs because the new Reader is at a higher level of accessibility than the rest of the existing platform. Use the links below to access these documents:

ebrary VPAT – Detail Page & Reader (PDF)

ebrary VPAT – Search & Bookshelf (PDF)


Admins: What counts as triggerable usage

Any of the following usage will trigger a PDA eligible title for STL or purchase:

  • Viewing, either:
    • 10 pages viewed (unique pages) in a single browser session (other than front or back matter*), or
    • 10 minutes of viewing in a single browser session (other than front or back matter*)
      • Note:
        • Viewing time is counted between page turns
        • If the time between page turns exceeds 3 minutes, it is counted as just 1 minute
        • Leaving a book open to a page for more than 10 minutes then closing the book will not cause a trigger
  • Printing: 1 print of any page, or
  • Copying: 1 copy from any page, or
  • Downloading: 1 download of any page (note, a title on loan cannot be full-document downloaded)

*Front matter and back matter are defined as the first 5% and the last 5% of a document’s pages.

Bookmark a page, then return to it later via the “Annotations” side panel

While reading a book in the online reader, you’ll notice there is a faint bookmark icon at the top right of every page.  To bookmark a page, simply click that bookmark icon.  You’ll need to be signed in to your personal ebrary account, because bookmarks are saved and retrievable later, even in future sessions.

To return to a bookmarked page, click the  “Annotation” side panel, find the desired bookmark in the list, and click on it.

To delete a bookmark, click the  “Annotation” side panel, find the desired bookmark in the list, and click the small trashcan next to it.